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      當前位置:習古堂國學網>> 歷史人物>>

      拓跋燾——北魏第三位皇帝

        拓跋燾(408年—452年),字佛(音“必”)貍,鮮卑族,明元帝拓跋嗣長子,母明元密皇后杜氏 ,北魏第三位皇帝(424年―451年在位),同時也是優秀的軍事統帥。
        拓跋燾出生于平城(今山西大同),422年被立為太子。423年登基,改元始光。拓跋燾自幼就表現出過人的軍事天賦,十二歲時就遠赴河套抗擊柔然騎兵,迫使柔然不敢入侵。拓跋燾繼位后重用漢族大臣崔浩、高允等人,整頓吏治,勵精圖治。 拓跋燾善于使用騎兵,親率大軍先后攻滅胡夏、北燕、北涼,伐柔然,征山胡,降鄯善,逐吐谷渾,取劉宋的虎牢(今河南滎陽汜水鎮)、滑臺(今河南滑縣東)等重鎮要地,最終統一中國北方。
        拓跋燾在歷次戰爭中,常親自率軍出征,決策果斷,部署周密,講究戰法,指揮靈活;蚍值啦⑦M,輕騎奔襲,或誘敵出城,設伏圍殲,因而多獲勝利。治軍嚴格,賞不遺賤,罰不避貴。在生活中,樸素節儉,威武豪邁,剛毅自律,直爽坦率,從諫如流。但是在晚年刑罰過于殘酷,誅戮過多。
        452年,拓跋燾被中常侍宗愛殺害,時年四十五歲,謚號太武皇帝,廟號世祖。
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